Month of November 2018
Book of the Week
Attribution Theory: Summary - The attribution theory is when meaning is attached to someone else’s behaviour or our own. Fritz Heider began research for the theory in the early 20th century. There are two types of attribution: external and internal. External attribution, or situational attribution, is when the assigned behaviour attached to an individual is caused by the situation the individual is in. Internal attribution is when the cause of an individual’s behaviour is attributed to internal characteristics instead of outside forces.
Turing Test: Summary - In 1950, Alan Turing created the Turing test to see if a computer can carry on a conversation equivalent to, or indistinguishable from, another human as judged by a human interlocutor. This test is to determine if the machine is capable of intelligent behaviour. The Turing test is a crucial concept in the philosophy of artificial intelligence. Can a machine be intelligent? What is intelligence? If artificial intelligence appears to be as intelligent as a human, it must be considered to be as intelligent despite fundamental differences in artificial intelligence and human intelligence. This raises significant questions about the nature of intelligence and even consciousness.
Bystander Effect: Summary - In this social psychological phenomenon, it is less likely for an individual to help in the event of an emergency when there are more bystanders present. Ambiguity, diffusion of responsibility, and group cohesiveness are all factors influencing the bystander effect. There is a five step process involved in the decision making of a bystander: notice the event, interpret the situation, degree of responsibility, form of assistance, implement the action of choice. Within each of these five steps, the bystander can decided to do nothing. This effect is also known as bystander apathy.
Word of the Day