Month of December 2018
Book of the Week
Law of Attraction: Summary - This universal law is the belief that positive or negative thoughts will attract corresponding experiences. William Walker Atkinson based this belief on the idea that thoughts are pure energy and will attract similar energy. By thinking positively, one is likely to attract positive experiences. By thinking negatively, one is likely to attract negative experiences. Since Atkinson wrote Thought Vibration or the Law of Attraction in the Thought World in 1906, the success and popularity of this universal law has only grown. However, the law of attraction is considered pseudoscience despite being popular in New Thought philosophy.
Aversion Therapy: Summary - This is a form of psychotherapy in which a patient is conditioned to associate specific stimulus (thoughts and/or behaviours) with negative consequences. A patient is subjected to discomfort while experiencing the specific stimulus to be conditioned. Therefore, an association between the conditioned stimulus and the discomfort results in the patient becoming averse to the conditioned stimulus. An example of aversion therapy is giving an emetic drug (causes vomiting) or using electric shocks with alcohol consumption to create an aversion to alcohol.
Delusions: Summary - A delusion is an inadequate belief that does not make sense with the available evidence, is resistant to all reason, and is at odds with the educational and cultural background. Delusions are a notable symptom of schizophrenia, dementia, brain damage and other conditions. In schizophrenia, delusions of persecution, delusions of reference and delusions of control are the most common. Delusions of grandeur are another type of delusion in which one believes they have special abilities, qualities or status. There are also two ways to categorize delusions, monothematic or polythematic. A monothematic delusion has a single theme to it while a polythematic delusion covers a range of themes.
Groupthink: Summary - In this psychological phenomenon, there is a tendency for groups of people to make irrational or dysfunctional decisions because of shared illusions of infallibility in which contradictory evidence is ignored or dismissed. Groupthink contains fallacies because of conformity pressure. When people gather in a group, there is a tendency to match attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours to the group norms. Members in a group also fall prey to the ‘Pygmalion effect’ in which others’ expectations of a target person affect the target person’s performance.
Word of the Day